First United Front:
  • The first alliance between the KMT and CCP in 1922 against warlordism in China
  • Formed the National Revolutionary Army together and set out in 1926 on the Northern Expedition
  • CCP joined the KMT as individuals; used KMT's superiority in numbers to spread communism
  • KMT wanted to control communism from within
  • Alliance was supported the Soviet Union in military advisors and weapons; wanted to spread communism through the CCP
  • 1927 Chiang Kai Shek initiated the Shanghai massacre also known as the April 12 Incident that ended the alliance; KMT finished the later half of the Northern Expedition