Origins and nature of authoritarian and single-party states
  • Conditions that produced authoritarian and single-party states
  • Emergence of leaders: aims, ideology, support
  • Totalitarianism: the aim and the extent to which it was achieved

Establishment of authoritarian and single party states
  • Methods: force, legal
  • Form of government, (left- and right-wing) ideology
  • Nature, extent and treatment of opposition

Domestic policies and impact
  • Structure and organization of government and administration
  • Political, economic, social and religious policies
  • Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda
  • Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities